Medications are an important part of pain management when properly prescribed, dispensed, and taken by the patient. Pain medications can provide relief from pain and suffering, improve physical function, and restore life quality.
Levels of Pain
There are three levels in treating pain:
- Mild: For mild pain, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen are used. NSAIDs include ibuprofen, naproxen sodium (Aleve), diclofenac (Voltaren), meloxicam (Mobic), and Indomethacin (Indocin). NSAIDs vary in dosage and side effects. Acetaminophen is another medication option for people. The medication lacks anti-inflammatory properties and is generally well-tolerated because of its low risk of side effects.
- Moderate: Opioid medications are used for people who suffer from moderate pain. Acetaminophen is used in conjuncture with opioid medications to target additional pain receptors in the brain. Percocet and Vicodin are a common combination to fight pain.
- Severe: Patients with severe pain are treated with extended release opioids. These types of medications include fentanyl patches, morphine, and oxycodone. Patients taking these types of medications must be carefully monitored to avoid adverse reactions and potential addiction.
Other medications may be prescribed alongside the pain medications. Antidepressants, seizure medications, muscle relaxants, and topical medications are among the ancillary medications used. A patient should always be under the care of a professional when taking medications to treat and manage pain, since many medications can have adverse side effects, Always talk with your doctor about the safest way to manage your pain.
The Pain and Wellness Center employs an interdisciplinary team to work together to provide the best pain management available in the Boston area. We focus on chronic pain management, physical therapy, and massage therapy. Contact us at (978) 826-7230 to schedule an appointment today.